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Watch the “My Strange Addiction” video. Then, answer the following…

Watch the “My Strange Addiction” video. Then, answer the following questions.. Video can be found at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqxWOJTovOE&list=PLAjrlTmTWOtjeIZMRK2clDvrZoV56y7mR&index=8&t=0s&app=desktop

10. Brea discusses her “strange addiction” of eating sand. Is her behavior considered deviant and criminal?

a.        Her behavior is neither deviant nor criminal.

b.       Her behavior is deviant, but is not criminal.

c.        Her behavior is not deviant, but is criminal.

d.        Her behavior is both deviant and criminal.

 

11. Why is eating sand considered deviant?

a.        Eating sand violates the normative expectations of what is considered appropriate food in our culture.

b.        Eating sand is not a natural behavior.

c.        Eating sand is not deviant, but is criminal since it violates formal norms.

 

12. Brea’s sister makes comments about her behavior being “crazy” and “nasty”. Her comments indicate a disapproval based on what type of culture?

a.        Material culture

b.    Normative culture

c.        Cognitive culture

 

13. Brea mentions that eating sand is “natural, and it’s straight from the Earth”. This type of justification of her behavior could be seen as a way of avoiding judgment or embarrassment. What concept from chapter 4 could we apply to this type of impression management?

a.        looking glass self

b.    face-work

c.        cultural transmission

 

Answer the following questions based on the information given in the scenario.

14. Felicity Huffman and Lori Laughlin were found guilty for bribery charges to get their children into top-tier schools. Huffman received a 14 day sentence, and Laughlin received 2 months. Conversely, Tamy McDowell, a homeless African American woman was sentenced to 5 years in prison for falsifying her address to get her son into a better elementary school. Many people argue that wealth and race were factors in the court decisions related to punishment for these crimes. Critics of these cases expose what is known as _____________________ in our court systems.

a.        differential association

b.       differential justice

c.        feminism

d.        femicide

 

 

  Review the following scenarios. Using Merton’s Typology of Deviance, decide which type of adaptation is being shown. (Essentially, decide whether the scenario describes a conformist, innovator, ritualist, retreatist, or rebel).
Q # Scenario Adaptation
15. Eva wants to go to the dance, but her parents tell her she has to stay home to watch her baby brother while they are out of town. Eva decides to ignore her parents and instead hire a babysitter to watch her brother so that she can go to the dance.  
16. Jason works as an auto-mechanic. He knows that his boss rips off their clients by overcharging them, but Jason does not speak up because he figures that even though he knows it is wrong, he is following the rules of the workplace as a good employee should.  
17. Sebastian has been an alcoholic since his teenage years. Recently, his alcoholism has become extreme; He no longer cares about his goals in life, and does not care if he follows approved paths anymore.  
18. Nevaeh has straight As in school and plans to go to college right after high school, even though she would rather spend a year traveling Europe. She knows that going to college is the right thing to do, and has the resources to do so.  
19. Gavin is struggling in biology. He has seen a tutor, talked to the instructor for help, and spent many hours studying. After talking to other students – who are also failing the course – he realizes that there is a slim chance to pass because the class is too difficult for anyone at their level. He obtains the key for the upcoming exam and shares it with his friends. The university finds out and expels him. Gavin argues that he had no choice because the system was working against them and he felt that cheating was his only chance of passing.  
20. Nora hates her job, but has rent coming due. She shows up to work, is polite to customers, and performs her job well despite her feelings about the work.  
21. In 2016, there was an armed group who took over a federal building in Oregon. Their aim was to tear down the political establishment and rebuild it based on their wants and beliefs.   

 

 

  Read the following scenarios. Decide which theory best explains the scenario based on the information given. If more than one theory could apply (because they sometimes overlap), pay attention to the small differences to pick the most applicable theory.
Q # Scenario Theory
22. Naomi had never smoked marijuana before, but her roommate showed her where to find it, how to smoke it, and how to hide the smell from others on their floor. This process of learning how to be deviant from others is best explained through the _____ theory.  
23. In the Disney film “Aladdin”, Aladdin steals food from the market because he and Abu are hungry. He steals because no one will give him a job, and he doesn’t have any other way to earn money to pay for the food.   
24. Mateo is exhausted all the time from working two jobs and going to school. He feels that he cannot fit everything that is required of him into his day. Clancy, a coworker of Mateo’s, tells Mateo that he found a way to cheat the hour clock at work and sign in a few minutes early and sign out a few minutes late. Over the span of two weeks, it adds up to about $40 of extra income. Clancy offers to show Mateo how to do it so that Mateo can take a day off every once and a while to take a break. Mateo is tempted, and would love the extra money and chance to take a break. But, he ultimately says no because he knows that his father would be disappointed in his work ethic if he took the easy way out.  
25.

 

COVID lockdown procedures have made Julia feel isolated, frightened, and like she doesn’t know what is expected of her. She has become frustrated, irritable, and overall rude to those around her, which is very odd for Julia since she is usually a very fun, friendly person. When asked what is wrong, Julia screams that she doesn’t know what to do anymore bec76b ause everything has changed so quickly.

 
26. In high school, Jace was dating Maria. Someone started a rumor that Jace had cheated on Maria, even though it was false. However, he was known as a “cheater” until he graduated. Years later, he came back to his high school reunion and was treated poorly. When he brought the maltreatment up to a friend, the friend explained that he still carried the stigma of being a “cheater”.  
27. Easton works at Chuck E. Cheese’s, an arcade-like restaurant that has games and prizes. Doing some informal research, he finds that games that are broken tend to become even more broken, and that kids have even begun defacing the broken games. He notices that when a game is missing a piece, it is missing most of its pieces by the end of the month. Other similar games that are not missing any pieces are not vandalized. What theory could we apply to this phenomena?   
28.

One of the wildfires currently burning in California was started by a “gender reveal” gone wrong. (Technically this would be a “sex reveal” but, we won’t argue about the semantics of gender and sex right now). Fire fighters from around the country showed up to fight the fires and people from around the country donated money to the relief efforts. Out of this horrible tragedy came unity and support. Durkheim would argue that this act of deviance contributed to a renewed sense in community.

 

 
29.

This scenario was presented previously when talking about the adaptations related to deviance. We are going to use the same scenario again, but apply it to the theoretical explanation of why the deviance is occurring.

 

Gavin is struggling in biology. He has seen a tutor, talked to the instructor for help, and spent many hours studying. After talking to other students – who are also failing the course – he realizes that there is a slim chance to pass because the class is too difficult for anyone at their level. He obtains the key for the upcoming exam and shares it with his friends. The university finds out and expels him. Gavin argues that he had no choice because the system was working against them and he felt that cheating was his only chance of passing.

 
30. The Flobots, a band out of Denver, once helped transform an abandoned lot that was known for drug use into a community park. Their efforts were working to combat the crime in the area. This theory best exemplifies combating crime using which theoretical understanding of why crime occurs?  
31. Stacey was shopping with her mother. When they got to their car, they notice a hair brush was tucked under a coat in their cart, and had not been rung up and paid for. The mother makes her take the hair brush back into the store and pay for it. Later, when shopping with friends, Stacey notices a similar situation in which a pair of gloves was not paid for. When she tells her friend that she’s going to run back inside and pay for the gloves, they tell her it is fine and the store won’t miss the couple of dollars. Stacey ultimately gets in the car and drives off with the gloves for which she did not pay.  
32. Carson is an African American man. He was driving to work when he was pulled over by a police officer for going 5 miles per hour over the speed limit, which is common for many cars in this area. After a short interaction, the police officer writes Carson a ticket and sends him on his way. When Carson shows up late to work, his boss asks him why he is tardy. Carson, frustrated with the whole experience, says he was “driving while black.”  

 

 

Obedience & Conformity — Social Psychology

We are going to cross the metaphorical bridge into a discipline called social psychology, which is a blending of sociological and psychological theories. These theories take into consideration the individual and the social together to help explain people’s behaviors. Watch these short videos on different experiments that were designed to understand the influence of others on an individual’s behavior. Then, answer the questions below.

First, watch this short video on Solomon Asch’s experiment on conformity.

¨www.youtube.com/watch?v=lVE38XM2puY

Watch the short video on the Milgram Study on Obedience to Authority.

¨www.youtube.com/watch?v=mOUEC5YXV8U

And finally, one final short video about the power of statuses in determining whether we obey or ignore orders. Link this with what we learned in chapter 5 about statuses and roles and how they influence our social interactions:

How Obedient Are We? | Social Experiment

 

Review the following scenarios. Decide whether they are examples of conformity or obedience.
Question # Scenario Conformity or Obedience?
33. In the Solomon Asch videos, the students picked the wrong line because of what?  
34. Stanley Milgram conducted his “learning” experiment to show that Nazi soldiers were not inherently evil. Instead, they were following the orders of their superiors. In his study, he showed that 2/3 of regular people would follow the orders of someone in the lab coat, even if that meant that another person would get hurt. His experiment shows how quickly we are to follow the rules of those who we assume have power over us. This is a form of:  
35. George does not enjoy drinking alcohol, yet his girlfriend teases him when they are in front of friends. George reluctantly gives in and has a beer at a party to avoid further teasing.  
36. Nancy is a secretary at a country club. Her boss is very loud and orders everyone around. Nancy does not want to get yelled at, so she does whatever her boss tells her to do.  
37. Tina would rather have tofu stir fry for lunch, but she goes along to a burger joint with her friends so she doesn’t have to eat alone.  
38. In math class last week, the teacher wrote the following equation on the board: 5x + 3 = 13. The teacher asked what “x” stood for. Three students raised their hands, and each student said “3”. When the teacher asked Taylor what the answer was, she said “3” even though she knew the right answer was “2”.  
39. Marcus works at a movie theater. His boss has him dig through the garbage every night to grab some discarded popcorn buckets so that they can be counted as “spoilage” in their inventory because his boss is falsifying the inventory records. Marcus thinks this is wrong, but assumes that since the boss is making him do it, then he (Marcus) is not at fault if they get caught.  
40. Nicole has two children. She convinces them to take items from their friend’s house like shoes and bring them home to her so she does not have to purchase them herself.  The children don’t like stealing from their friends, but they trust that their mom is teaching them how to behave correctly, so they do as she tells them to do.  
41. In the video where people were asked to cross the street, a woman in an official-looking vest directed them to cross the street. This video shows that we listed to people when we perceive that they have some form of power over us. This is a good indication of:  

 

 

 

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