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QUESTION 1   The general adaptation syndrome refers to the    …

QUESTION 1

 

The general adaptation syndrome refers to the

 

 A.

body’s response to long term stressors

 

 B.

frustration created by conflict

 

 C.

steps taken during cognitive appraisal

 

 D.

top three stressful personality types

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 2

 

For months after he was caught in an apartment house that collapsed during an earthquake, Drew continued to experience flashbacks of the earthquake, nightmares, and sudden unexplainable feelings of anxiety.  Drew was probably experiencing symptoms of

 

 A.

post-traumatic stress disorder

 

 B.

personal stress reaction

 

 C.

background stress response

 

 D.

flashback anxiety syndrome

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 3

 

The  DSM-V-TR is primarily used  to_________________ abnormality.

 

 A.

show the causes of and to treat

 

 B.

describe and treat

 

 C.

classify and describe

 

 D.

classify and identify causes of

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 4

 

Which of the following is TRUE of the potential explanations of anxiety disorders according to the various perspectives employed by psychologists?

 

 A.

According to the genetic perspective, an overactive autonomic nervous system is a the root of panic attacks.

 

 B.

According to the behavioral perspective, a person’s characteristic level of anxiety is related to a specific gene involved in the production of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

 

 C.

According to the psychodynamic perspective, anxiety disorders reflect the unrealistic perception of threats in the environment.

 

 D.

According to the cognitive perspective, people’s maladaptive thoughts about the world are at the root of anxiety disorder.

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 5

 

Karen’s thoughts seem confused and illogical, and she suffers from frequent hallucinations.  In addition, her speech doesn’t make any sense. Karen is most likely to be suffering from:

 

 A.

a dissociative disorder

 

 B.

an anxiety disorder

 

 C.

schizophrenia

 

 D.

hypchondriasis

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 6

 

When a person experiences stress, hormones are secreted primarily from the

 

 A.

hypothalamus

 

 B.

spleen

 

 C.

adrenal gland

 

 D.

pineal gland

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 7

 

A psychiatric patient displays garbled conversation, laughs at the wrong things, acts like a little child, and takes off her clothes when meeting strangers.  She is likely experiencing _______________ schizophrenia.

 

 A.

disorganized

 

 B.

undifferentiated

 

 C.

residual

 

 D.

catatonic

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 8

 

Which of the following is NOT a part of the hardy personality?

 

 A.

commitment

 

 B.

control

 

 C.

cooperation

 

 D.

challenge

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 9

 

The behavioral perspective on psychological disorders assumes that abnormal behaviors are:

 

 A.

learned responses

 

 B.

chemical deficiencies

 

 C.

hormonal imbalances

 

 D.

genetic anomalies

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 10

 

Personality disorders are characterized by

 

 A.

loss of contact with reality

 

 B.

severe problems in cognitive functioning

 

 C.

long-term maladaptive traits and behavior patterns

 

 D.

unexplained physical symptoms

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 11

 

In ________________, negative symptoms are more prevalent.

 

 A.

reactive schizophrenia

 

 B.

process schizophrenia

 

 C.

Type I Schizophrenia

 

 D.

Type II Schizophrenia

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 12

 

Which of the following statements is TRUE about emotion-focused coping

 

 A.

In emotion-focused coping, a person may use wishful thinking to reduce stress or use more direct escape routes.

 

 B.

Emotion-focused coping may be more effective than problem-focused coping when the situation is unchangeable.

 

 C.

Taking timeout from stress by creating positive events is a type of emotion-focused coping.

 

 D.

Emotion -focused coping attempts to modify the source of stress.

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 13

 

a researcher who is interested in the relationship between psychological factors,the immune system, and the brain is a 

 

 A.

social-cognitive psychologist

 

 B.

biological trait theorist

 

 C.

psychoneuroimmunologist

 

 D.

behavioral neuroscientist

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 14

 

According to research, which of the following statements regarding stress is true?

 

 A.

pleasant events produce biological but not psychological stress responses

 

 B.

positive stress is more harmful  to health than negative stress

 

 C.

both pleasant and unpleasant events can produce stress

 

 D.

positive stress is more common than negative stress

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 15

 

Intense,irrational fears of specific objects or situations are referred to as:

 

 A.

compulsions

 

 B.

manias

 

 C.

phobias

 

 D.

obsessions

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 16

 

Which of the following best describes problem-focused coping?

 

 A.

avoiding the stress-producing situation

 

 B.

using psychological defense mechanisms

 

 C.

attacking the stressful problem directly

 

 D.

rationalizing the stressful situation

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 17

 

Process schizophrenia and reactive schizophrenia differ in their

 

 A.

detachment from reality

 

 B.

speed and suddenness in the development of symptoms

 

 C.

tendency to show irrational fears

 

 D.

tendency to be violent toward others

 

 

 

 

3 points   

QUESTION 18

 

Which of the following types refers to strong stressors that occur suddenly and typically affect many people at once?

 

 A.

personal stressors

 

 B.

daily hassles

 

 C.

background stressors

 

 D.

cataclysmic events

 

 

 

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