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One explanation for the primacy effect is that the information  …

One explanation for the primacy effect is that the information

  a.

remained in sensory memory.

 

  b.

has been rehearsed so much.

 

  c.

has not yet been consolidated.

 

  d.

did not enter long-term memory.

 

For which of these situations are you most likely to have a mental script?

  a.

learning to ice skate

 

  b.

visiting a new city

 

  c.

cooking a complicated meal for the first time

 

  d.

filling your car up with gasoline

 

Which of the following is true with respect to retrieval of information?

  a.

All pieces of the information are stored in the same area of the brain.

 

  b.

The information was encoded accurately and thus retrieved accurately.

 

  c.

Relies on bottom-up processing, especially when the information is missing or incomplete.

 

  d.

Relies on top-down processing, especially when the information is missing or incomplete.

 

We discussed many ways to improve our memories!  Which of those methods/effects are now used in a cognitive interview to reduce the likelihood of creating false memories?

  a.

Recency effect

 

  b.

Transfer appropriate processing

 

  c.

Encoding specificity

 

  d.

Testing effect

 

You participate in a study where you must read a list of words (frigid, chilly, winter, freeze, shiver, frost, air, and wet) and write down all the words you remember. You include “snow” in the list of words you remember, even though “snow” wasn’t on the list. Which memory error have you made?

  a.

persistence

 

  b.

false memory

 

  c.

transience

 

  d.

blocking

 

 

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