In Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad, which of the five required elements of negligence (from Question 1) was missing resulting in the plaintiff losing her case? Why was this element missing in the case? Please use the specific facts from the case in answering the questions.
CASE 2.2 Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association, 564 U.S. 786 (2011) . What to understand about this case and How Justices came with the rationale? who are parties? What are the facts ? what are the procedures? and what are the issues?