1. What is the major difference between a formal leader and an informal leader?
A. Formal leaders go through leadership training in their undergraduate and graduate studies at a university. Informal leaders learn their leadership skills by watching and imitating other leaders.
B. Formal leaders receive a higher salary and a change in title after being promoted into the role. Informal leaders receive the same salary and a change in responsibilities after being told to take the role.
C. Formal leaders are designated by the organization and recognized for the position they hold within it. Informal leaders do not usually have a designated leadership position but are perceived by others as being a leader within the organization or team.
D. Formal leaders are easily recognized by their level of knowledge and empowerment over others. Informal leaders are usually highly motivated individuals without much experience or influence other than a given title.
2. Why are women perceived to have less of a desire to cultivate professional networks than their male counterparts?
A. Women are believed to be more satisfied with growing their skills within current career roles.
B. Women are perceived as being more focused on family and work responsibilities than on networking.
C. Women prefer to network with other women because they fear being perceived as flirtatious with male colleagues.
C. Women are more concerned about the potential for ongoing sexual harassment.
3. How can organizations raise awareness about prejudices against women in leadership positions?
A. Reduce the salaries of employees who declare or show any bias based on the gender or sex of their organizational leaders.
B. Establish an organizational culture that promotes women who have undergone significant management training to qualify for promotional opportunities.
C. Use a quota system to ensure that women are promoted according to a scale as they achieve special performance benchmarks.
D. Conduct diversity training through workshops, along with organizational leaders as full participants and supporters.
4. How does the rational appeal approach to influencing others differ from the inspirational appeal of influencing others?
A. One appeals to logic and reason, and the other appeals to the use of demands or threats.
B. One appeals to logic and reason, and the other appeals to social image.
C. One appeals to logic and reason, and the other appeals to the promise of rewards.
D. One appeals to logic and reason, and the other appeals to emotions.
5. Gender inequality is still unavoidable within the corporate world. What is one cause of persistent gender inequality?
A. Lack of qualified mentors and role models
B. Inconsistent physical and mental health
C. Cultural differences
D. Demands of career and family needs