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1.  Medical terminology is structured based on a ‘root word’ to…

1.  Medical terminology is structured based on a ‘root word’ to which suffix or a prefix is added to make it a word. Answer questions 1 to 4 on root words, suffix and prefixes.

1.1 

The root word ‘bronch’ relates to: 

Airway

Pharynx

Voice box

Nose

1.2 

Which of the following terminology has a suffix? Select 2 (two) answers. 

Hypertension

Cardiology

Endoscopy

Hypoglycemia

Myopathy

1.3 

Which of the following terminologies has a prefix? Select 2 (two) answers. 

Radiologist

Hypertension

Hypoglycemia

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

1.4 

In healthcare, CPR stands for: 

Chest and pulmonary resuscitation

Chest physiotherapy resuscitation

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Cardiac and physical rescitation

 

2.  Identify and expand underlined abbreviations in the following statements:

2.1 

Your client is to be taken for an MRI. The client is to be kept NBM till the test is done. 

Magnetic resonance imaginary and none before morning

Magnetic response imaginary and none before morning

Magnetic resonance imaging and nil by mouth

Magnetic response imaging and nil by mouth

2.2 

You are asked to shift Mrs. Carr to the radiology department for a CXR. She was brought in with pneumonia. 

Common X-ray

Chest X-Ray

Chin X-Ray

Cardiac X-Ray

2.3 

Mr. John has diabetes. You are asked to check his BGL before breakfast. 

Blood Glycogen level

Body Glucose level

Body Glycogen level

Blood Glucose level

2.4 

Nadia is complaining of ear ache. The physician has referred her to an ENT specialist. 

Ear Neck and Thorax

Ear Nose and Thorax

Ear Neck and Throat

Ear Nose and Throat

 

3.  If you do not understand a medical term, where would you look for clarification? Choose human resources and material resources.

3.1 

Select 3 (three) answers. 

More experienced staff

Managers /Supervisors

Drug prescription

Organisation approved websites or databases

3.2 

Select 4 (four) more answers. 

Clinical guidelines

Public browsers

Workplace handbook

Drug and prescription information sources

Medical dictionary

Clients

 

4.  You are working as a nursing assistant and RN advises you to assist a client recently admitted in the ward. Certain terms in the instruction sheet/ care plan related to this client is new to you. How would you clarify these terms? Select 2 (two) answers.

Check with the senior security personnel

Check with the nurse

Check with the client

Check in medical dictionary

 

 

5.  Mr.Aaron Daley, 85 year old Jewish client, is admitted in your facility for rehabilitation from a recent stroke which has left him with hemiplegia. He has weakness in his right arm and leg and therefore, you have to assist the client with movement and transfers. Care plan states that the client needs 1 staff assistance for movement and transfer. Aaron uses zimmer frame for walking and transfers. Answer the following questions.

5.1 

Which of the following actions demonstrate compliance with Anti-discrimination policy/ equal opportunity act? Select 2 (two) answers. 

Attending to client call bells promptly

Refusing to assist Aaron with transfers

Having big/ disability sized toilets in the care area

Providing meals to Aaron that are Kosher certified

Provide care to Aaron as per client care plan

5.2 

Which of the following actions would demonstrate compliance with Infection Control policy at workplace? Select 2 (two) answers. 

Wearing gloves while assisting Aaron with movement

Washing hands before and after assisting Aaron with his movement

Providing Aaron care as per /his care plan

Using hoist while assisting Aaron with transfers

Cleaning Aaron’s zimmer frame with approved wipes after use

5.3 

Which of the following actions would demonstrate compliance with Work Health and safety policy? Select 2 (two) answers. 

Assisting Aaron with filling up a feedback form

Making sure that the zimmer frame is of correct size and height for Aaron

Making sure Aaron’s environment is free from dangers like slippery floors

Pulling Aaron up from the floor even though the action will risk your own safety

Using hoist while assisting Aaron with transfers

 

6.  National Safety and Quality Health Service standards has 10 standards listed. Read the standard sheets available online and answer the following questions. 
(Service standards are available from http://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/NSQHS-Standards-Sept-2012.pdf) 

6.1 

Which of the following is/are your role complying with Standard 1: Governance for Safety and quality in health service organisations? Select 3 (three) answers. 

Reporting and documenting relevant incidents

Following policies and procedures that are evidence based

Trying home remedies and massages on a client who agrees for you to do so in the hospital

Covering a nurse’s job while they are on tea break

Respecting client rights while caring for them

6.2 

Which of the following is/are your role complying with Standard 2: Partnering with consumers? Select 3 (three) answers. 

Using a hoist for client transfer as per care plan

Providing clients with information regarding the care that you are about to give to enable informed decision making

Providing feedback form to clients as needed.

Asking client for consent before assisting them with care

Washing hands before and after client contact

6.3 

Which of the following is/are your role complying with Standard 3: Preventing and controlling health care associated infections? Select 4 (four) answers. 

Handling waste in health care as per infection control policy

Attending performance appraisals with supervisor when advised.

Following 5 moments of hand hygiene

Taking a day off when sick with flu.

Complying with immunization requirements of workplace

Replacing items in the allocated area after use

6.4 

Which of the following is/are your role complying with Standard 4: Medication safety? Select 3 (three) answers. 

When medication is found on the floor, report to the nurse and discard item as advised

When a client is seen taking medications by themselves, report to the nurse to clarify

Providing medications as prescribed by the doctor

Bring medication from pharmacy as per policy as advised by the supervisor

Keeping all client documents in a locked area

Assisting client with their prescribed lotions and creams

6.5 

Which of the following is/are your role complying with Standard 5: Patient identification and procedure matching? Select 3 (three) answers. 

Provide a spare ID band to a client on request in the absence of the nurse or supervisor

While filing client documents, check the client identifiers (Name, date of birth and medical record number) for each document

Receiving client from another department without ID band or any identifiers

When receiving blood products of client from lab, check client details with the pathologist

Before providing care, confirm identity of the client

6.6 

Which of the following is/are your role complying with Standard 8: Preventing and managing pressure injuries? Select 2 (two) answers. 

Provide pressure area care as per care plan

Make a care plan for a client with risk for pressure injury

Report and document any skin breakdowns of a client to supervisor

Change care plan for a client with risk for pressure injury

6.7 

Which of the following is/are your role complying with Standard 10: Preventing falls and harm from falls? Select 2 (two) answers. 

Order walking aids from Occupational Therapy department

Assist a client with movement based on care plan and related policies and procedures

Provide feedback to supervisor/ nurse regarding mobility requirement of the clients

Make care plan changes for a client’s mobility requirement

 

7.  Scenario Based Questions
Brad is a PSA who is attending his first staff meeting at Oyens Hospital. He works in a large private hospital that employs 60 staffs. The staff meets every three weeks to discuss complex cases with a senior staff mentor. 
Select the five appropriate actions Brad needs to take to receive, interpret and document medical terminology.

Brad listens carefully to the discussion as each staff member presents a case study and the senior staff ask questions and make comments

Brad should read through his notes and correct some spelling of medical terms.

Brad should consult his Old Manager for useful information

Brad should use Meeting Minutes templates to record the minutes

Brad should change his job and work where he can understand the occupational jargon

Brad should interpret abbreviations for specialised medical terminology

Brad should clarify his concerns regarding medical terms with his supervisor

 

 

8.  Which of the following statements correctly relate to interpreting medical terminology? Select three options

Medical abbreviations increase productivity and should be used as much as possible to save time.

Medical Terminology is usually based on the Nordic language

Medical Terminology can only be understood by doctors

Misinterpreting medical terms can result in the health of patients being adversely affected.

Checklists are used to ensure procedures are completed correctly and that important steps are not missed

 

 

9.  Dev has been recently employed as an allied health assistant in a busy speech pathology practice. He has noticed that therapists are using a lot of medical terms and abbreviations in their documentation and it is hard for him to understand all of them.
Select the three appropriate steps Dev need to take to interpret medical terminologies and abbreviations

Dev should refer to the staff handbook and P&P regarding the use of abbreviations and medical terms

Dev should use legitimate sources to clarify his concerns regarding medical terms

Dev should text his sister who is a retried midwife when he comes across difficult terminology

Dev should compile his own list of commonly used abbreviations to help him learn them.

Dev should just guess and put what he thinks is right

 

 

10.  Checklists are increasingly used in healthcare to clearly outline procedures and ensure the safety of patients. Checklists help to ensure (Select two)

No actors are employed by the hospital

A procedure is completed in the correct order and without any steps being missed.

Errors are reduced due to lack of information or inconsistent procedures

Only Doctors and Nurses use checklists

 

 

11.  When the administration staff are busy or on a lunch break, Sally, PSA, steps in and assists with reception duties. She is typing a referral letter for a patient. The last paragraph of the letter written by the speech pathologist begins ‘He is currently taking Lasix’. Sally has never heard of Lasix, which is a brand name of furosemide, a diuretic drug prescribed for treatment of fluid retention. The writing is unclear and Sally thinks the word may actually be ‘losec’, a medication frequently prescribed as a treatment for duodenal ulcers.
Select the two appropriate action Sally needs take use medical terminology correctly?

Sally should immediately prepare the letter and mention losec and send an e-mail

Sally should write the letter as it is and ask her supervisor about the word before emailing

Sally should have circled the word ‘losec’ and written a note to herself to remind her to ask her supervisor about the word.

Sally should leave a space and send the e-mail

Sally should add both the medication names and send an e-mail

 

 

12.  Marita works in an aged care hostel for low-care clients. She is interviewing Bill and assisting him to complete his admission form. She asks Bill about his medical history. Bill tells her, ‘I had a bit of trouble with a hypa-active thyroid’. Marita questions Bill, ‘A hypoactive or a hyperactive thyroid?’ Bill replies, ‘I’m not really sure. All I know is that made me put on weight’.
Select the two steps Marita need to follow to use correct medical terminology while communicating effectively with patients

Marita should use hyper, because hypo is very rare.

Marita should use hypo, because hypo is a more dangerous condition

Marita should consult the dictionary of Australian colloquialisms

Marita should collect Bill’s medication and related information and check with her supervisor to confirm Bill’s thyroid condition.

 

 

13.  Jane didn’t know the meaning of the word ‘dysmenorrhoea’ when she encountered it on a preA- admission form while organising a patient’s stay in the hospital. Jane also didn’t feel confident in pronouncing it out aloud to anyone.
Select the two appropriate steps Jane needs to take to spell and pronounce this word correctly

As Jane is not responsible for dispensing this medication it is not her right to know the meaning of the word

Jane should check the word in a medical dictionary for spelling, definition and pronunciation

Jane should attempt the pronunciation and learn from her mistakes

Jane should clarify her concerns regarding pronunciation with her supervisor

 

 

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